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Puddles 4.2

The PUDDLES newsletter is devoted to education about providing daily fresh drinking water to animals. It is mailed free upon request to our customers.

From the Editor
This issue features a new bibliography we have assembled on wildlife in the backyard.  See Book Reviews.  The migration of many species into what is referred to as “the suburban food larder” is increasing as the natural habitat of this wildlife in the more remote areas is being taken away.  So we have to begin to learn how to live with our guests. Fortunately there are lots of folks interested in the issue.  Write for the results of the Tufts conference on living with wildlife-see address in Tracks. More news of a mystery nature.  Deformed wildlife is continuing to show up in lakes around the country. See Of Earth Sun and Water.  We just hope that the powers that be in our society are concerned enough to try to find out the cause of this mystery.  You may also be interested in our review of the book, Lake Smarts, which tells us about all the ways we can improve our lakes and ponds for wildlife. See Book Reviews. There’s lots more so enjoy your copy of PUDDLES.

HELP!  We think the news in this PUDDLES fills a niche not being served by other newsletters. Help us spread this news to other readers so that we can help more animals.  Post this issue or put a mention of it in your resources guide in your own magazine, newsletter or WEB site. Thanks

American Birding Association Regional Conference Boise, Idaho, June 9-13, 1997.  800-850-2473

Audubon Medal Award Dinner, 11/19/96, Rev. Morton, Dean of St. John’s, is honored.

Export of pesticides banned in US kills migratory birds.  See Audubon, Sep;-Oct 96, 50-56, 94-95.

Wetlands International is devoted to conservation of the world’s wetlands. Contact 1. Davidson, Wetlands Intl., 7 Hillton Ave., Ottawa, Ont, 613-722-2090.

Code of Birding Ethics, American Birding Association.  Copies available at 800-850-2473.

Mycoplasma gallisepticum eye infection is spreading to American Goldfinches and Downy Woodpeckers. Autumn 96 Cornell Birdscope.  607-254-BIRD.

Water for birds is discussed in article in Wild Bird, Nov. 96 page 10-11 with list of accessory suppliers.

Midway Atoll Christmas Bird Count will take place 12/29/96-1/5/97 on this new National Wildlife Refuge and World War Two historic site.

Keeping birding notes is easy when you follow the guide of John Rakestraw in Birding, Feb. 96, 53-55

“Cool, cool water my way” by Sandra Stevens in Bird Watcher’s Digest, July-August 96. It is a method to save the runoff cool condensation from the house air conditioner for birds and seems to make sense.

“Build an Advanced Water Feature” by Scott Shalaway in WildBird, July 96.  Discusses the differences in prefabricated and do-it-yourself projects to construct a small pool and running stream and waterfall in your backyard.

Of Earth, Sun and Water

Solar 1997, April 25-30, 1997.  1-303-443-3130.

Mars.  For those of us who think over population is part of the ecology problem of the planet, we’ll want to watch the most early stages of of Mars exploration, in hope that it may someday be part of the answer.  Good sites to check: or email  Sky & Telescope, 12/96.

“The Puzzle of Declining Amphibian Populations,” By Andrew R. Blausetein and David B. Wake, Scientific American, April 1995, draws attention to the decline and suggests causes may be destruction of local habitat as as well as global depletion of the ozone layer.  One interesting conclusion is that if” habitat modification occurs slowly enough- as it did for 3000 years in western Europe- amphibians can adjust and even adapt to human induced alterations.  But many of the changes such as rises in ultraviolet levels and in the amounts of pollutants in the environment have occurred so rapidly that species with long generation times often cannot adapt quickly enough.” Deformed frogs being described in newspaper articles seems to be a follow on to the above item.  Here’s what we know so far.  Frogs with birth defects have been found in Vermont, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Quebec.  Frogs are bioindicators meaning that their exposure to the environment can give warning of toxic problems, especially since they live in water.  Scientists don’t know why this is happening. Theories include the idea that farm pesticides are getting into the water as well as the idea that there are significant changes in solar radiation.

We found that the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, 520 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, MN  55155-4194  602-297-3363, attn:  Mark Gernes, is a good source of information on this matter.  They are doing a study of the frogs paid for by the State of Minnesota and should have some results in the future. There are some WEB pages with data. The school kids in Minnesota who first found deformed frogs out there keep a page:  mncs.k12.,  Another site is the Center for Global Environmental Education, Hamline University, ST. Paul, MN: cgee.progs/cgee.frogs/Frog.main.html. By far the most complete report this subject is Rachel’s Environment and Health Weekly by e-mail at Internet: which gives references to recent pesticide studies.

Extensive ecosystem study shows overall risks by each state. See article by R. Peters and R. Noss, Defenders, Fall 1995, 16-27.

“What Good is a Wetland” by Ted Williams in the Audubon Nov-Dec. 96, 43-53. Much about the need to have wetlands so we can purify drinking water.

Every kilowatt hour not used prevents air emissions of 5.8 grams of sulfur dioxide which turns into sulfuric acid rain, 2.5 grams of nitrogen oxide which turns into nitric acid rain and 1.5 pounds of carbon dioxide which is greenhouse gas and smog. from Current Waves, the Water Foundation, Summer 86 VII,II.

American Wetlands Conference, VA May 7-9, 96.  Call Terrene, 703-548-5473,

Ecological pest management.  from National Research Council. 317-494-9555,

Ground Water Disinfection Rule announced by EPA.  A variety of contaminants and disinfectants will be regulated for the first time.  See Water Update at http://www/

“Pesticides in Ground Water Current Understanding of Distribution and Major Influences,” is available from US Geological Survey, US Government Printing Office.  For summary see Aquifer, The Groundwater Foundation, Sep. 96, 402-434-2740.

Note:  Always consult your licenses veterinarian for specific advise for your particular animal’s water needs.

Web Notes Petsforum is a CompuServe sponsored WEB site for pet owners.  It has good libraries of research material, and an electronic marketplace.  E OnLine is an environmental site by E. Magazine. See Green Living Section and Marketplace.  Petstation is an internet home base for animal people. It has Bird Barn, Cat Cabana, Dog Domain, Fish Fair, Herp Hacienda, Horse Heaven and Small Animal Medley.  Well thought out Teen Talk, Seniors Only and Funny Bones are new.  Marketplace includes some classifieds with hot buttons direct to manufacturer home pages.  Very well done pages.  Dr. Ken Boschert developed this page.  Electronic Zoo is part of the Netvet Veterinary Resources.  We worked through a list to research what was there on cats.  Came up with direct links to magazines such as CATS.  Acmepet is a guide to pets on the internet. Has Pet Time News, Marketplace, Welcome Wagon, Multimedia Gallery, What’s New, Club Acme-that’s where you can do real time talking. We tried it for a while. Delightful. This is Petgold and we entered the standard version. It is primarily sales items, listed under General Store, K9 Center, Feline Paradise, Equestrian Center, The Aviary, Aqualand, Exotics Unlimited, Vet Gold.  Shelters and Humane Societies we were pleased to see listed. “What’s your yard care problem?”  Produced by the Toro Company this has answers on grass, weeds, leaves, pests, gardening and new lawns.  We received a good description of evapotranspiration, how much water grass will keep.  Good site. site of John Gardner, founder of Wild Bird Marketplace. Much good wild bird information.  Emphasis is on bird information.  econet has given a decade of support to ecological sustainability and environmental justice. Very research oriented.  Covers all kinds of subjects including habitats and species, seas and water, toxics and water. Links to other sites.


“Living with Wildlife,”Tufts Center for Animals.  An important seminar.  Nov. 15, 96. 508-839-7991. email

Providing for Your Pets:  In the Event of your Death or Hospitalization, a booklet for $2. Alley Cat Allies. Email

Flea products:  how dangerous are they?  See CATsumer Report, May-June 1996.  800-968-1738.

Symposium on Strategy for Oral Rabies Vaccination of Wildlife, 12/96 Univ. of Georgia, Athens, 706-542-6645.  This is on oral rabies vaccination for wildlife. Should the vaccine by used provincially (local non-organized use) or strategically (an organized control program)?  Those of us who love raccoons and wildlife will be listening to see if we can get safely packed supplies of the vaccine for our own yards.

Flying Circus, article by Jeanette Bogren on use of collies as humane way to deter wild geese from nesting, ASPCA Animal Watch, Fall 96.

Disaster preparedness for animals has been developed by The California Veterinary Medical Assoc. See Veterinary Product news, Feb. 1996.

Book Reviews

Lake Smarts, The First Lake Maintenance Handbook, Steve McComas, Terrene Institute, 1717 K. Street, Washington, DC  20006. Covers aquatic weed control, algae control, fish and sediment topics, on site wastewater and a variety of projects that interested people can do to help lakes.  A hands-on book for improving lakes and ponds for wildlife and people.  Throughout there are lists of suppliers for the hard-to-find weed rakes and tools.  Good lists are available for finding beneficial plants.  Aquascaping to control algae and criteria for erosion control are covered in an  easy to read manner. Projects of great interest are building nesting habitats for wildlife.  Practical and very useful.

Stokes Field Guide to Birds,  Donald and Lillian Stokes, Little Brown, Boston, 1996. Look up your bird sighting in this easy to carry guide and you’ll find a full color picture, voice, type of seed preferred, size and identification marks, habitat, and whether an endangered species.  There’s also a quick guide to get you started in finding the type of bird. Lives up to its billing as a bird guide for the 21st Century.

Special bibliography on living with wildlife:

Care of the Wild, Feathered and Furred, Mae Hickman, Maxine Guy, Kesend, New York, 1973.

Pocket Guide to The Humane Control of Wildlife in Cities and Towns, Hodge, HSUSA, Helena, MT, 1991.

Living with Wildlife, Diana Landau, Shelley Stump, California Center for Wildlife, San Rafael, CA, 1994.

Attracting Backyard Wildlife, Bill Merilees, Voyageur Press, Stillwater, MN, 1989.

Noah’s Garden, Stein, Boston, Houghton, 1993.  “Winter’s Wild Interlopers,” article in Country Living Magazine, by Cathy Johnson, November 1994.

List of wildlife zoological veterinarian associations, Veterinary Product News, 4,11/96, 800-667-2679.

Chickadees, Tits, Nuthatches and Treecreepers, Harrup and Quinn, Princeton, 1995.  We could not resist this book because we love chickadees.  You’ll find out here how our black capped friends’ vocalizations approach human language. The detail and artwork on these Sittidae, Certhiidae, Paridae, and Aegithalidae families is rewarding for the researcher.

PUDDLES is published by Happy Bird Corporation, PO Box 86, Weston, MA 02493, manufacturer of Solar Sipper animal watering stations. Copyright Happy Bird Corp. 2005. Persons concerned about the availability of fresh drinking water for animals are eligible for a free subscription.

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Happy Bird Corporation
Manufacturer and Publisher of products and book to help animals, Chesapeake fiction since 1985







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For purchase of complete Solar Sipper units and parts here you must use the enclosed order form and add check, money order, cash, to the enclosed mail address.

Stock # UPC Code Description List Price  S&H* US Intl  total
STD SS 10007 Wild Bird– Maxpower Solar Sipper®Includes Solar Black footed base and Solar Black top 34.95 to us frt  add $20 for Canada and Intl  







DLX SS 10008 Wild Bird– Deluxe Solar Sipper® Includes Wild Berry footed base and Solar Black top 14.95  

add $20 for Canada and intl







STD PET SIPPER 10011 Pet Solar Sipper® black – 4″ dia hole, translucent top 34.95 $20 for








DLX PET SIPPER 10012 Pet Solar Sipper® red – 4″ dia hole, translucent top 34.95  

add $20 for Canada






SUPER SOLAR SIPPER 10040 Wild Bird – Super Solar Sipper® Includes translucent (white) top and bowl, footed base out of stock
Blue Solar Sipper 10003 All Season wild bird Garden Blue Solar Sipper with Garden blue footed base and translucent top.  


out of stock




Parts for Solar Sippers
Note that the tops intended for bird use have a smaller opening than the tops intended for wild animal / pet use.

Stock # UPC Code Description List Price  S&H* us  intl  Total
BKT 10004 Mounting Bracket fits 10007, 10008, 10040 $16.95 $15.00 $15.00 25.00 31.95


TOP 10021 Solar Top (black) for Wild Birds – 1 1/2″ hole, fits 10007, 10008 $9.95 $15.00 $15.00 25.00 24.05


TOP 10022 Solar Top (white) for small animals, 4″ hole, to convert 10007, 10008 $13.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 23.95


TOP 10026 Solar top for wild birds, replaces top for 10040 $9.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 19.95


OUTER CUP 10023 Solar black outer cup, replacement top for Solar Sippers 10007 & 10008 $13.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 23.95


OUTER CUP 10024 Berry red outer cup, fits Solar Sippers® and Baths $16.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 26.95


OUTER CUP 10027 Translucent outer cup; fits Solar Sippers® $16.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 26.95


INNER CUP 10025 Solar Sipper® inner cup, fits all Solar Sippers® $10.95 $10.00 $10.00 25.00 20.93




Order Information for solar sippers and for solar sippers parts.

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Fiction – Night Bugs
by Thomas Hollyday
originally published in Paean

Will Jemper coming home whistling, clumping along the dirt road in the black night. Bugs and cricket chattering in the woods with their lives. Then the unmooned starlight warning with a bare glint from polished steel barrel of the double twelve shotgun, warning of Juke Terment there, his boots dead in the road, the gun muzzles pointing at Will. Neither man spoke but night rattling stopped, almost patiently to wait. There was no more whistling or moving towards as Will stood there, watching the small roundness of that steel, his eyes terrified. Then his hands up across his chest in a vaudeville of protection and the dark among the trees is wild light, roaring, the shotgun went off, both barrels, to cut his body in half.

Dust settling again with some of the dirt plastering itself into the flowing blood. The crickets rattling now and a pleasant hoot by an owl deep in the trees. Night bugs and then the sound of two brass shells ejecting into the dirt and finally the tread by a heavy man carrying a shotgun, a padding almost too soft, Juke walking back down the road, once muttering,

“That’ll teach the sonofabitch.”

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Fiction – Green Ribbon
by Thomas Hollyday
originally published in The Charles Street Review

“It’s when they stink up the cab that it’s bad, it don’t pay,” the black cabbie thought as he shifted at the light. He watched the young girl with the baby and the little boy that crawled. The baby was wrapped in a red and blue blanket. It was the baby that was causing the smell. ”Bad at the bus terminal, no choice in your fare, have to take them as they come, take what you can get.” The young mother was white and had long unkempt blonde hair. ”Long bus ride.” She reminded him of the home he left when he was a young man. Same kind of mean and little, bitter look to it. Home didn’t always stink, just some- times, sometimes. “She ain’t going to tip, sure.”

“Yes mam you see my husband, he’s supposed to be here in B – – -, and that’s why we come here.” The blonde girl stood in front of the reception desk of the small real estate company, and the secretary named Jerry watched her silently, thinking how frail this young mother is. The secretary held a key to a third floor apartment up the street. A piece of white paper was on the desk blotter in front of the secretary. The paper said that the party agrees to prepay one week’s rent and that at such time as the party would intend to change address, the extra week’s rent would be refunded.

The phone rang.

“Jerry, you want me for something?”

“Yes, Mr. Blakeson, we have a young woman here who wants to rent 2829 third floor. But she can’t give us the prepay.”

“Well, tell her we can’t accept that.”

“She has two children with her, Mr. Blakeson. Her husband is here in the city working somewhere and she has just come up from the South to join him. She says it will take a while to locate him and let him know she is here. She’s very young, Mr. Bakeson.”


“Yes sir.”

“No reason to doubt her then, I guess. Those two kids. How old is she?”

“How old are you, honey?”

“Seventeen, mam.”

“She’s seventeen, Mr. Blakeson.”

“Rent it to her. Good. I’ll stop over and see her about it. Anything else, Jerry?”

“No sir.” The secretary laughed as she hung up the phone.

“All right, Mrs. Donlin, the boss says you can have the room, but only for a week.”

“Oh thank you mam. Hey you Charleyboy, you leave that thing alone.” The high pitched angry voice stopped the two year old child from crawling further over the typewriter. He had snarled the keys. He fell back to the floor and grinned at the secretary. The mother calmed again and pulled the child’s hand and shifted the weight of the baby in her arms. She had been holding the baby for a long time now. The secretary watched. She had never had her own children.

“How old is he?”

“Oh, Charleyboy, that’s after my husband, he’s two years now, and this one is three months.”

“Well, I guess you’ll want to get up to 2829 and wash of all that road dirt and everything.”

“Yes mam, that sure would be nice.”

“Chauncey will show you where the apartment is.”

“Thank you mam.”

“Chauncey, Mr. Blakeson was here this morning and said to have you go over and help Mrs. Donlin move an icebox. She told him last night that it was in the wrong place. You can do that after you get through cleaning the office.”

“Yes mam, you see today is my wife’s birthday and I was planning on getting home early today.”

“Well, I’m sorry about that.”

“Yes mam.”

He heard someone inside tell him to go ahead in, so he opened the door. 2829 was almost unfurnished. Two or three chairs. And there was the huge noise of rhythm and blues music. Suddenly the blonde poked her head around the bedroom doorway and yelled at him. “It’s the icebox out in the kitchen. Do I have to show you? Wait a minute.” Chauncey went out to the kitchen. He was thinking about his wife and about having to come up here and move this icebox for trash like that naked woman in the other room. The little boy come crawling across the floor, his fingers holding a smashed roach and his clothes unchanged from the day before when Chauncey had brought this woman and her kids to this apartment. He didn’t hear the baby crying in the bedroom because the radio music was too loud. He opened the door of the icebox and saw the small loaf of bread and the half empty bottle of milk. When he closed the door, many bugs scrambled in several wild directions and the little boy gave chase, making child noises.

“Like a cat, Chauncey thought. He felt sad. He smiled at the kid. Charleyboy grinned up at him and sat back on his bare feet in the middle of the worn linoleum floor where some of the once yellow flower pattern still showed. She came into the kitchen. She was wearing the dress she had worn the day before. The only change was the bright green ribbon in her hair.

“Yes mam, you want this icebox moved somewheres?”

“Listen, you black sonofabitch,” she stood there and said in that same voice she had used in the office on Charleyboy, that same sudden shift from southern slowness to quick harsh anger, “don’t you do no hurrying of no white woman.” And then she kicked of her bedroom slippers which skittered across the floor, and she flopped down in the only chair in the kitchen, putting her feet up on the kitchen table, and, looking at Chauncey, she laughed and he could hear that laugh over the sounds of Charleyboy chasing his mother’s slippers and over the noise of the rhythm blues music.

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Slave Graves

THOMAS HOLLYDAY, Happy Bird Corporation, Weston, MA, paperback, (285p)
ISBN: 0-9741287-0-8

BookWire Review
November 24, 2004

Thomas Hollyday writes this novel against a modern setting. Dr. Frank Light, a famous archaeologist, is called to give his opinion on a shipwreck site at River Sunday in Maryland, over which Jake Terment, a rich businessman wants to build a bridge. Jake is a suave but unscrupulous person who wants Dr. Light to merely look at it as a formality, and he intends to go ahead with his plan regardless of the outcome of the survey.

Assisting Dr. Light are Maggie Davis, the state Archaeologist and a Pastor Jefferson, a black preacher. These two care about the site and Dr. Light also begins to share their convictions and the sense of responsibility towards the historical significance of the place.

What they discover is the most shocking part of the book and to reveal it would be to ruin it. However, Jake Terment wants to proceed with his construction, against Dr. Light & Co’s wishes, and amidst protests from a nature conservation group headed by Birdey Pond.

The climax of the story is how Jake Terment tries to go ahead and the ironic manner in which he meets his end.

A book worth reading for its vivid imagery and value system; it is hard to think that all of it is mere fiction, and it makes you want to actually visit the intriguing site.

Slave Graves Romance Mystery Novel

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